Introduction to legal aspects and commercial agreements of the oil and gas industry

Business context

Professionals, even some with years in the oil and gas business, are often not aware of the legal and commercial issues associated with the hydrocarbon lifecycle and how these may influence the economic viability of a project. What rights does a company really have to the oil and gas it is exploring for or trying to develop? What is meant by the Hydrocarbon Value Chain and which agreements have to be concluded to link-up each phase of a project. What is the purpose behind typical upstream agreements and what are their main commercial terms?


Day 1 of this 2 day course provides an overview of the various ways in which oil and gas rights are typically acquired from host governments; how these rights and associated obligations and liabilities are shared among the co-operating parties and how they may be transferred to a third party. Joint Ventures and Joint Operating Agreements will be discussed, with special attention given to the role of the Operator and the Operating Committee. Unitisation and Unit Operating Agreements will be explained.

Day 2 focuses on the Hydrocarbon Value Chain and related commercial agreements. The course will be concluded with a discussion of national and international dispute resolution.

During the course the following agreements will be reviewed:

  • Joint Bidding Agreement
  • Joint Venture Agreement
  • Joint Operating Agreement (JOA)
  • Agreement of Cooperation
  • Unitisation and Unit Operating Agreement
  • Farm-in/Farm-out Agreement
  • Royalty Agreement
  • Sale and Purchase Agreement
  • Well Agreement
  • Transportation Agreement
  • Hydrocarbon Sales Agreement
  • Gas Balancing Agreement
  • Processing Agreement


Professionals, technical and commercial, who routinely deal with joint ventures, advise or decide on the commerciality of oil or gas projects, and those who regularly require to interact with lawyers. The course will also benefit lawyers recently engaged in oil and gas business.

The minimum number of participants is 8, the maximum 20.


Edinburgh or The Hague.


Euro 1,600.- excluding VAT and accommodation.


To be determined.